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Pantothenic acid

Pantothenic acid is a member of the B vitamin complex, also known as vitamin B5. Like other vitamins in the B vitamin group, pantothenic acid assists in energy metabolism and is also a component of coenzyme A. It is important for producing red blood cells, as well as hormones from the adrenal gland.

The word pantothenic derives from the Greek word pantos, which means "everywhere." It can be found in all living cells. Therefore, pantothenic acid deficiency is rare and has not been fully studied. It may occur in cases of the most severe malnutrition. Some of the symptoms of pantothenic acid deficiency include headaches, fatigue, insomnia, tingling of the feet and hands, muscle weakness and intestinal disorders.

The best food sources for pantothenic acid include yeast, eggs, vegetables, milk, meats, kidneys, liver, and fish.

Health benefits of pantothenic acid

  • Assists in converting carbohydrates, protein and fat to energy
  • Needed for the formation of coenzyme A
  • Needed for the synthesis of hormones and cholesterol
  • Essential for normal growth and reproduction of body tissue
  • Necessary for health skin


RDI/AI – 5 mg per day


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Principal Author: M. Ofiyeva
Date of Initial Publication: 07/05/2007
Article Last Updated: 03/10/2011